四川省卫生健康委员会 主管

四川省疾病预防控制中心 主办

今日是 2019年01月1日 星期一
在线办公系统Office Online
数据库收录及奖项Database & Awards

· 美国化学文摘(CA)收录期刊

· 中国核心期刊(遴选)数据库收录

· 中文科技期刊数据库全文收录

· 中国学术期刊综合评价数库(CAJCED)统计源期刊

· 中国期刊网、中国学术期刊(光盘版)收录

· 万方数据系统中国数字化期刊群全文上网

· 中华预防医学会2017-2018年度期刊质量进步奖

· 中华预防医学会“优秀编辑质量奖”

· 《CAJ-CD规范》优秀期刊

· 首届《CAJ-CD规范》执行优秀奖

当前位置:
2014-2015 年北京市海淀区诺如病毒感染性 腹泻聚集性疫情调查研究

华伟玉,刘锋 

[摘要] 目的 分析北京市海淀区 2014-2015 年诺如病毒感染性腹泻流行特征,为制定该病的预防控制策略提供科学 依据。方法 采用现场流行病学调查方法以及描述性分析方法,对北京市海淀区2014-2015 年诺如病毒感染性腹泻聚 集性疫情资料进行分析。结果 共处理 7 起诺如病毒感染性腹泻聚集性疫情,累计病例 86 例,疫情分布在小学和托 幼机构,罹患率差异有统计学意义 ( χ2 =79. 281,P<0. 001) 。春秋季高发,发病高峰集中在疫情的第 2 天。主要症状 以呕吐、腹痛和发热为主,呕吐比例最高,大部分病例病程较短,1~3 d 痊愈。发病年龄以3~5 岁为主,占总病例数 的67. 44%。采集病例标本42 份,经 RT-PCR 方法检测阳性34 份,占87. 18%。疫情发生主要原因为学校晨午检、消 毒、健康教育等各项防控措施未有效落实。结论 中小学校及托幼机构是诺如病毒防控工作的重点,卫生部门与教育 部门联防联控至关重要,共同督促学校落实各项防控措施,才能有效遏制疫情的扩散蔓延。 

[关键词]诺如病毒; 感染性腹泻; 聚集性疫情 

[中图分类号] R512. 9 [文献标识码] A [文章编号] 1672-2116 ( 2018) 02-089-03

作者单位: 北京市海淀区疾病预防控制中心 ( 北京 100094) 

作者简介: 华伟玉 ( 1980-) ,男,硕士,副主任医师,传 染病地方病防控


Investigation of Clustering Epidemics of Infectious Diarrhea Caused by Norovirus in Haidian District of Beijing From 2014 to 2015
HUA Weiyu,LIU Feng Haidian District Center for Disease Prevention and Control,Beijing 100094,China.


Abstract Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of infectious diarrhea caused by norovirus in Haidian District of Beijing in 2014 to 2015 and provide a scientific basis for developing strategies for the prevention and control of this disease. Methods By using the method of field epidemiological investigation and descriptive analysis,the data of clustering epidemics of infectious diarrhea caused by norovirus in Haidian District of Beijing in 2014 to 2015 were analyzed. Results A total of seven clustering epidemics of infectious diarrhea caused by norovirus have been handled,and 86 patients were involved. The epidemics occurred in primary schools and kindergartens,and there were significant differences in the incidence rate ( χ2 =79. 281, P<0. 001) . Spring and autumn were high-incidence seasons. Onsets of the disease peaked on the 2nd day of epidemics. Main symptoms included vomiting,abdominal pain and fever,with vomiting being the most frequent. The course of disease was short in most cases,lasting 1 to 3 days. Patients aged between 3 and 5 accounted for 67. 44% of the total. Forty two samples were collected,and RT - PCR results showed 34 ( 87. 18%) were positive. The main cause of the epidemics was inadequate fulfillment of prevention and control measures including morning examination,disinfection and health education in the schools. Conclusion Primary and secondary schools and nursery institutions are the focus of the norovirus prevention and control work. Joint control in health and education sectors is essential. Prevention and control measures should be earnestly executed in schools to effectively curb the spread of epidemics. 

Key words norovirus; infectious diarrhea; clustering epidemic


点击下载文献:2014-2015年北京市海淀区诺如病毒感染性腹泻聚集性疫情调查研.pdf